What Is Orange Peel Paint?
So what is orange peel paint? We are glad you asked!
Orange peel paint is when paint doesn’t bond to a surface correctly and make the paint appear as a “orange peel” like surface and texture!
Orange peel paint jobs can be a nightmare but luckily they are easy to typically fix. You can avoid getting orange peel as well by following this guide! Today we’re going to talk about orange peel and it’s causes, removal, and prevention!
What Is Orange Peel Paint – Prevention.
Preventing any form of orange peel isn’t nearly as simple of a process such as removing it. Orange peel can be caused by all sorts of different metrics. Temperature, distance, pressure, and spray technique all share a common factor. They all impact how the paint atomizes.
When you have orange peel pop up it’s usually due to one of the factors stated above. Let’s take a peak at each of those now and determine the fix for it.
The weather will be your worst nightmare when it comes to painting a vehicle. Humidity and the cold can destroy a paint job even before it starts. Having a “dry” heated area with little or no humidity at room temperature is where you will want to be ideally.
However this is all about DIY and we all can’t afford a paint shop (we sure can’t) so we will have to make do.
If you live in colder/humid states you will have to adjust your sprayer with the correct amount of fluid or pressure to adjust to the weather. Typically not much can be done unless you are willing to prep your paint area.
This would involve getting it to the correct temp, and remove the humidity which not everyone can do. This is where you will just have to patient or look at your paints directions/manufacturer. Most of the time you an adjust your HVLP settings to compensate to the weather.
This helps prevent runs AND orange peel from even becoming a problem if the weather isn’t on your side. So basically what is orange peel paint? It’s uneven paint on a surface that looks like a orange peel!
Whether you are using a spray can or a hvlp gun, the way you spray/utilize your product will always be different. Different cans have different nozzles, temps, etc… Your spray technique will have to change.
Take a HVLP gun as an example. Some paints are thicker than others and require different tips. Some require more pressure/less pressure. The temperature of the paint determines how you shoot it.
There are tons of different metrics to your spray technique but one thing always stands true. Keep the surface clean, and try to keep your paint to room temperature as much as possible.
Get to close and you have all these long paint runs, shoot too far away and it won’t apply enough paint. Getting close and further away lays more paint then less paint. This causes the paint layers to become uneven resulting in a dull/blotchy finish.
Master your technique first with whatever you have available.
Soak your spray paint cans in warm water. This typically helps paint warm up and makes it lay more flat and smooth.
However if you have access to a hvlp setup, try dialing in your spray gun with different settings, pressures, and tips. It’s all about technique and only practice will help you get better!
You need your paint to atomize correctly for it to lay nice and smooth. For you guys and gals with spray paint cans, unfortunately this section will not help you, move onto fixing! However if you have a professional/entry level HVLP setup, we can help you here!
If the paint spits/sputters you will get runs, if it atomizes only half way or unevenly, this is where you get some horrible orange peel.
Your gun, the temperature, and the paint all have pressure needs that need to be paid attention to. Failing to spray your paint at the correct PSI can result in some really catastrophic results. Take your time and mix your paint correctly.
Make sure you adjust your paint guns tip as well. Different paint will require different tips. Check your paint gun to see if it came with additional tips or just one. If it only has one then that could very well be the cause of your problems.
We recommend for beginners to open your airflow wide open with a wide open fluid tip as well. This gives maximum airflow potential and dumps the maximum amount of paint through your gun.
Spray at a 50/50 overpass and set your pressure to the correct settings. This will differ depending on temperature but this is where we would recommend starting.
What Is Orange Peel Paint – CLEANSE!
If you have tried all of the following above and still have orange peel concerns, then this is where you have an easy fix on your hands. Your surface is probably contaminated.
Small bits of dust and debris can fall onto your surface. Make sure you sand the area down completely and remove all the dust with a tack cloth and wax/grease remover.
When the surface is dirty like this, it causes the paint to not adhere to the surface correctly. This leads to uneven paint spots which then results in, you guessed it, more orange peel.
Moral of the story, keep everything clean, triple check your spray pattern first, and then spray when you get the results you need on a test panel! If you accidentally got some orange peel, then refer to this guide on how to fix a clear coat streak/run.